Assessor Manuals, Exemption Administration: RPTL Section 459-b
Exemption Administration Manual—Part 1: Residential—Other than multiple dwellings
Section 4.01 - RPTL Section 459-b: Disabled Crime Victims
Year originally enacted:
Executive Law Section 621
Improvements to one-, two-, or three-family residences that serve to facilitate the use and accessibility of such property by residents who are physically disabled as a result of a crime or as a result of a Good Samaritan act are exempt from taxation to the extent of any increase in assessed value attributable to these improvements. No exemption is allowed from special ad valorem levies or special assessments.
Property must be owned by a physically disabled crime victim or Good Samaritan or by a person having such a physically disabled person either in their household or as a resident of the property.
Property location requirements:
Property use requirements:
Property must be occupied by a physically disabled crime victim or a Good Samaritan. A crime victim is defined for the purposes of this exemption as a person who suffers personal physical injury as a direct result of a crime (Executive Law, §621 (5)). A Good Samaritan is defined as a person other than a law enforcement officer who (1) apprehends a person who has committed a crime in the Samaritan's presence or who has committed a felony, (2) acts to prevent or attempts to prevent a crime from occurring, or who (3) assists a law enforcement officer in making an arrest (Executive Law, §621 (7)). To be eligible for exemption, the improvement to the property must be one which facilitates the disabled person's use of and accessibility to the property. Additionally, the property must be a one-, two-, or three-family residence.
Certification by State or Local Government:
Disability must be certified by a physician licensed to practice in New York state. In the case of a blind person, certification by the State Commission for the Blind and Visually Handicapped may be obtained in lieu of physician's certification. A police report, a report from the Office of Victim Services, or other documentary evidence must substantiate that a physical disability was inflicted upon an individual as a result of a crime.
Required construction start date or other time requirement:
Limitation on exemption
|General municipal taxes||School district taxes||Special ad valorem levies||Special assessments|
|1. Amount||Yes*||Yes*||No exemption allowed||No exemption allowed|
|2. Duration||No limit||No limit||No exemption allowed||No exemption allowed|
|a. County or County Special Districts||Ex||NA||Tax||Tax|
|c. Town or Town Special District||Ex||NA||Tax||Tax|
|e. School District||NA||Ex||NA||NA|
|Ex-Exempt Tax-Taxable NA-Not Applicable|
*Amount is limited to the increase in assessed value attributable to the eligible improvement.
Payments in lieu of taxes
Calculation of exemption
General municipal and school district taxes:
Increase in assessed value attributable to the eligible improvement.
Special ad valorem levies and special assessments:
No exemption allowed.
Coding of exemption on assessment roll
|Code||Description of Alternative Codes Possible|
Assessment roll section(s):
Taxable (RPS Section 1).
Note: This code should not be used to identify property that is exempt under any of the statutes listed under Similar exemptions below. For coding of such property, see the Exemption Profile for the statute that applies.
Filing requirements (owner or occupant of property):
Form RP-459-b (11/01) - Application for Partial Tax Exemption for Real Property of Persons Who Are Physically Disabled Crime Victims
Application must be accompanied by a certified statement of disability, a police report, a report from the Office of Victim Services, or other documentary evidence pertinent to the crime resulting in the disability to the crime victim or Good Samaritan, and documentation attesting to the infliction of physical disability as a result of the crime.
See sample form following Exemption Profile.
Reporting requirements (assessor)
|Certain living quarters constructed to be occupied by a senior citizen or disabled individual||RPTL §467-d|
|Improvements to property pursuant to the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990||RPTL §459-a|
|Persons with disabilities and limited income||RPTL §459-c|
|Physically disabled||RPTL §459|
Exemption Application Forms
Please send general questions or comments to ORPTS.