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Farmers and Commercial Horse Boarding Operators - Exemption Form ST-125

Tax Bulletin ST-253 (TB-ST-253)

Printer-Friendly Version (PDF) Issue Date: April 8, 2019


Farmers and commercial horse boarding operators may purchase certain items or services exempt from New York State and local sales and use taxes. To do so, they must use Form ST-125, Farmer’s and Commercial Horse Boarding Operator’s Exemption Certificate. This bulletin explains:

  • how to use the certificate,
  • what kinds of property and services can be purchased exempt from sales tax using Form ST-125, and
  • penalties that may be imposed for misuse of the certificate.

How to use Form ST-125

If you are the purchaser, fill out Form ST-125 and give it to the seller. You must give the seller a properly completed Form ST-125 within 90 days after the delivery of the property or performance of the service. Sales tax exemption certificates may also be issued and accepted electronically. See TSB-M-07(1)S, Electronic Resale and Exemption Documents for Sales and Compensating Use Taxes.

You may use Form ST-125 as a single-purchase certificate, or as a blanket certificate covering the first and subsequent purchases of the same general type of property or service from the same seller.

Form ST-125 can be used to make exempt purchases of property and services used predominantly (more than 50% of the time) either in farm production, in a commercial horse boarding operation, or in both. It can also be used to make exempt purchases of drugs or medicine for use on livestock and poultry used in farm production.

Farm production is the production of tangible personal property for sale by farming. Farming includes:

  • agriculture, floriculture, horticulture, aquaculture, and silviculture;
  • stock, dairy, poultry, fruit or vegetable, graping, truck, and tree farming;
  • ranching;
  • raising fur-bearing animals;
  • operating orchards;
  • raising, growing, and harvesting crops, livestock, and livestock products; and
  • raising, growing, and harvesting woodland products including logs, timber, lumber, pulpwood, posts, and firewood.

A commercial horse boarding operation is a business that:

  • operates on at least seven acres;
  • boards at least 10 horses (regardless of ownership); and
  • receives $10,000 or more in gross receipts annually from fees generated from:
    • the boarding of horses; or
    • the production for sale of crops, livestock, and livestock products; or
    • both these activities.

Note:  You cannot use Form ST-125 to purchase motor fuel (gasoline) or diesel motor fuel exempt from tax. Use Form FT-1004, Certificate for Purchases of Non-Highway Diesel Motor Fuel or Residual Petroleum Product for Farmers and Commercial Horse Boarding Operations, for certain purchases of diesel motor fuel. Use Form FT‑500, Application for Refund of Sales Tax Paid on Petroleum Products, to claim a refund of sales tax on certain purchases.


Misuse of this exemption certificate may subject you to serious civil and criminal sanctions in addition to the payment of any tax and interest due. These include:

  • a penalty equal to 100% of the tax due;
  • a $50 penalty for each fraudulent exemption certificate issued;
  • criminal felony prosecution, punishable by a substantial fine and a possible jail sentence; and
  • revocation of your Certificate of Authority, if you are required to be registered for sales tax purposes.

Note: A Tax Bulletin is an informational document designed to provide general guidance in simplified language on a topic of interest to taxpayers. It is accurate as of the date issued. However, taxpayers should be aware that subsequent changes in the Tax Law or its interpretation may affect the accuracy of a Tax Bulletin. The information provided in this document does not cover every situation and is not intended to replace the law or change its meaning.