Skip universal navigation

New York State Universal header

Skip to main content

Quick guide to completing Form CT-3, General Business Corporation Franchise Tax Return

Corporate tax filing requirements

For tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2015, including short periods, all New York C corporations subject to tax under Tax Law Article 9-A (including former Tax Law Article 32 taxpayers) must file using the following returns, as applicable:

  • Form CT-3, General Business Corporation Franchise Tax Return
  • Form CT-3-A, General Business Corporation Combined Franchise Tax Return
  • Form CT-3-M, General Business Corporation MTA Surcharge Return

Note: Form CT-4, General Business Corporation Franchise Tax Return Short Form, is no longer available for any tax year beginning on or after January 1, 2015.

Any return filed on an incorrect form, or on a form for the wrong year, will not be processed and will not be considered timely filed. As a result, penalties and interest may be incurred.

Tax Bases

Corporations subject to tax under Tax Law Article 9-A generally must compute three distinct taxes and pay the tax that results in the largest amount owed. The three taxes include a tax on business income, a tax on capital, and a fixed dollar minimum tax.

Content of Form CT-3

Part 1 – General corporate information Part 5 – Computation of investment capital for the current tax year
Part 2 – Computation of balance due or overpayment Part 6 – Computation of business apportionment factor
Part 3 – Computation of tax on business income base Part 7 – Summary of tax credits claimed
Part 4 – Computation of tax on capital base  

What parts you must complete on Form CT-3

You must complete the following parts of Form CT-3:

  • Part 1 – General corporate information
  • Part 2 – Computation of balance due or overpayment
  • Part 3 – Computation of tax on business income base
  • Part 4 – Computation of tax on capital base
  • Part 6 – Computation of business apportionment factor

Note: Part 6 must be completed, even if your business apportionment factor is 100%, to account for the receipts your fixed dollar minimum tax amount is based on.

What parts you may have to complete on  Form CT-3

If you have investment capital, Part 5 must be completed. Also, Form CT-3.1, Investment and Other Exempt Income and Investment Capital must be filed.

If you are claiming any tax credits, Part 7 must be completed. Also, each applicable tax credit form must be filed.

Other forms you may need to file:

If you must file
you are reporting any required New York State additions to, or subtractions from, federal taxable income in Part 3, Form CT-225, New York State Modifications.
at the end of your last tax year that began before January 1, 2015, you have an amount of unabsorbed New York State net operating loss available to carry forward into your first tax year that begins on or after January 1, 2015, Form CT-3.3, Prior Net Operating Loss Conversion (PNOLC) Subtraction.
you are carrying a balance of any portion of a net operating loss attributable to any tax year that first began on or after January 1, 2015, Form CT-3.4. Net Operating Loss Deduction (NOLD).
you do business or derive receipts from activity in any of the 12 counties of the MCTD, Form CT-3-M, General Business Corporation MTA Surcharge return.
any of the following apply:
  1. You have included the activities of any of the following in your CT-3:
    1. QSSS,
    2. Partnership,
    3. Disregarded entity (such as a single-member limited liability company (LLC)),
    4. Tax-exempt domestic international sales corporation (DISC).
  2. You are a federal Form 1120S filer.
  3. You have affiliated entities.
Form CT-60, Affiliated Entity Information Schedule.
Updated: